The first life form was anaerobic chemoheterotrophic marine prokaryotic, and since then life form has evolved chemically. Today, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms are found. Probiotics are ‘live bacteria’ (prokaryotes) and yeast that are beneficial for one’s digestive health/prostate health, often termed as ‘good’ or helpful bacteria as they keep the gut healthy.
The prostate is a walnut-size gland in between the bladder in the penis. It is located in front of the rectum and the ureter runs through its center, from the bladder to the penis and allows urine to flow out of the body. It is important gland for both ejections of waste (in the form of urine) as well as sexual wellbeing. Considering the importance of the prostate health, people are turning to probiotics for prostate health.
Probiotics – An Alternative of Antibiotics
As per WHO, only those products can be classified as a probiotics that contain live microorganisms, which are resistant to gastric acid by juice pancreatic juices and reach the intestine in a number sufficient to elicit a beneficial effect. It is important that it is scientifically validated through well-controlled clinical trials. Excessive use of antibiotics may kill the good bacteria present in the digestive tract, probiotics can help replace them. Finding alternatives to antibiotics has become a major concern for the countries around the word because of the increasing demand for food to meet the nutritional requirements of constantly growing population.
The WHO has raised concern regarding ABR and warned of the prospect of a post-antibiotic era in the 21st century where even a routine infection and a minor injury may kill due to ineffectiveness of antibiotics. Hence, turning to probiotic solutions to boost the immune system seems a beneficial alternative.
Types of Bacteria Used in Probiotics and Their Health Benefits
Some bacteria classified as probiotics are:
- Lactobacillus – found in yoghurt and fermented food.
- Bifidobacterium – health is the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other conditions.
- Saccharomyces boulardii – a type of yeast that helps fight diarrhoea and other digestive problems.
Many factors like illness, medication, diet, ageing may lead to a microbial imbalance in the body and may further lead to childhood diarrhoea, antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, infectious diarrhoea, ulcerative colitis, weak immune system, Crohn’s disease, inflammatory prostate.
An unhealthy gut may also be the reason behind dermatological conditions such as breakouts, clogged pores, oily skin, and premature hair fall etc. Lack of pro and prebiotics in the body might hamper the absorption of vitamin K (body needs vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a protein and clotting factor that is important in blood clotting and bone metabolism. There are various experimental data showing its potential anti-cancer activity in several types of cancer including prostate cancer), as they play a significant role in the metabolism of vitamins. Besides, probiotic for prostate health has also shown positive results.
Probiotics to Improve Prostate Health
Researchers have found numerous evidence that has shown that changed gut microbiota is associated with several disorders including prostate or rectal cancer. Thus, probiotics have recently become the focus of medical researchers due to their anticancer properties; they are also known to be beneficial in cancer stem cell maintenance. In addition, the proven benefits has increased the usage of probiotics to improve prostate health. These probiotics are found naturally and even prepared artificially. Natural sources may include yoghurt, chocolate algae, fermented food, lactobacillus bulgaris.
In the fast pacing 21st century, food alone is unable to meet all the nutritional needs of the body and hence supplementation has become essential. It is further known that probiotics, prebiotics and simbiotic improve lipid profile and glycemia control by selectively supporting the health-promoting gut bacteria.